To get the most out of your retirement savings, it helps to spread your investments around so your portfolio includes stocks, bonds, mutual funds, retirement and other savings accounts. As your anticipated retirement date approaches, consider evaluating and adjusting your portfolio to protect current principal while still leaving room for variable gains.
Prudential refers to the five years before and the five years after retirement as the "Red Zone" and stresses the importance of protecting the money you've saved so far. Issues such as market volatility and rising costs could dramatically affect how long your money lasts. If you do sustain losses, you won't have as much time to recoup them as you did when you were younger. To help protect yourself, consider adjusting your asset allocation to replace high risk investments with more stable vehicles, even if you have less chance of getting a big payoff.
Most financial professionals agree that as you approach retirement you should decrease the number of stocks in your portfolio. Individual stocks, especially small caps and similarly volatile choices, usually have the potential for significant gains as well as significant losses. Sell your risky stocks and invest in more stable blue chips. You should also reduce your total allocation of stocks so that they take up a smaller percentage of your overall portfolio.
Bonds don't provide nearly as much return as stocks, but they can be a better fit for retirement thanks to their predictability and income-generating potential. Bond prices are not affected by the same issues and market conditions that influence stock prices. People nearing retirement should move more of their investments out of stocks and into bonds to lower their risk and enjoy greater financial stability.
Mutual funds are pooled investments managed by teams of professionals. They allow investors the chance to pick the types of investments they need to reach their financial goals. While younger investors might want to put their money into higher-risk, higher-reward growth funds, older investors approaching retirement should consider more conservative mutual funds that contain a sizable mix of bonds and other fixed-income or low-risk instruments.
Gregory Gambone is senior vice president of a small New Jersey insurance brokerage. His expertise is insurance and employee benefits. He has been writing since 1997. Gambone released his first book, "Financial Planning Basics," in 2007 and continues to work on his next industry publication. He earned a Bachelor of Science in psychology from Fairleigh Dickinson University.