What Does "Owner Financing/FSBO" Mean?
You can sell your home without the assistance of a realtor or broker if you list it as a "FSBO" property. This acronym, pronounced "fizz-bo," stands for "For Sale By Owner." And if you're a buyer, FSBO properties that are also financed by the owner, may be your ticket to home ownership if qualifying for a conventional mortgage loan is out of your reach. This combination of a FSBO property with the added feature of owner financing forms the sweet spot for many home buyers (and sellers).
The term "FSBO" or "Owner Financing" implies that the original owner of the properly will be negotiating the initial financing arrangements with the seller rather than a mortgage lender.
Exploring the Basics of Owner Financing
Owner financing is known by several names, including for-sale-by-owner, or FSBO, financing. It means that you, the buyer, borrow the money from the seller to purchase his property. This type of financing is usually a temporary accommodation by the seller, and you'll have to refinance with a conventionally acquired loan at some point in the future.
Owner financing terms are negotiated. For example, some owners might allow you to rent their house for a while, and the money you pay on the lease is used as the down payment on a lender-acquired mortgage.
Other owners might offer a more traditional arrangement, whereby you make a down payment to them, sign a promissory note and receive temporary title, known as equitable title, until you refinance the loan. If you only qualified for an 80 percent mortgage and don't have cash for the 20 percent down payment, it is considered owner financing if the owner extends the down payment to you as a second loan.
Evaluating Benefits of FSBO
By offering financing, the seller in most cases has agreed to overlook your credit blemishes in the interest of selling her house. This gives you time to pay off your debts and raise your credit scores. Because a lending institution isn't involved, you won't be charged any more than a down payment or a deposit to seal the deal. And, if the house is vacant, you can negotiate a move-in in short order, which can be helpful if you're starting a new job or you have children starting school.
Discussing Financing Drawbacks
Homeowners usually offer financing if they're having trouble selling their home, either because it's located in an undesirable or remote place, the architecture is outdated or it has structural problems. If you're a homebuyer with credit problems, the seller may not be willing to negotiate his price if he thinks your credit problems have weakened your negotiating position.
The biggest drawback to owner financing, however, is the pressure you face to qualify with a lender to refinance at the end of the owner financing term. If you fail to qualify, you run the risk of losing your down payment and deposit if you're asked to leave the home.
Assessing Other Important Considerations
In all owner financing cases, you should have a qualified real estate attorney walk you through the entire process and prepare the paperwork. The attorney should conduct a title search, as you'll want the property title to be free and clear before you take full ownership. To ensure that the deal closes successfully, begin repairing your credit and saving up for any additional costs of acquiring the home immediately.
Maya Black has been covering business, food, travel, cultural topics and decorating since 1992. She has bachelor's degree in art and a master's degree in cultural studies from University of Texas, a culinary arts certificate and a real estate license. Her articles appear in magazines such as Virginia Living and Albemarle.