How to Roll Over a 401(k) While Still Working

Anyone can roll over a 401(k) to an IRA or to a new employer's 401(k) plan when leaving a job. Depending on your plan's policies, you may be able to make the rollover while you're still with the company. Unlike a post-job rollover, your plan doesn't have to allow in-service rollovers, but many companies do.

Qualifying

Even if your plan lets workers roll over assets, you may not be included. You can only make a rollover if you've had your 401(k) for at least five years, or if you only roll over funds you've had in the account for two years or more. Some plans only allow workers who have already hit age 59 1/2 -- the magic age for withdrawing from a 401(k) without penalty -- to make an in-service rollover.

Workers

Most 401(k) plans allow you to take the money out once you turn 59 1/2. This includes both rollovers and making withdrawals. If you're under the cutoff age, only a minority of companies let you do the same, and the rules are more confining. You can roll over money you've rolled over from previous 401(k) accounts, along with employer contributions, earnings and any after-tax contributions. Your pre-tax 401(k) contributions are off the table.

Process

Read your plan documents and find out if you can make an in-service rollover. If you can, contact the plan manager and ask to transfer money to the traditional or Roth IRA of your choice. If it's a Roth rollover, you pay tax on the transfer, but your withdrawals down the road will be tax-free. You can withdraw the money and make the transfer yourself, but if you don't complete it within 60 days, you face hefty tax penalties.

Pros and Cons

Rolling over a 401(k) can be a good move if you want different investment options from your company plan, or if the plan fees are too high. Putting assets into a Roth also sets you up for tax-free income later in life. If the 401(k) fees are low, you may be better off leaving the money where it is. The same is true if the assets are performing well and you're not sure you can invest them more profitably.

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About the Author

A graduate of Oberlin College, Fraser Sherman began writing in 1981. Since then he's researched and written newspaper and magazine stories on city government, court cases, business, real estate and finance, the uses of new technologies and film history. Sherman has worked for more than a decade as a newspaper reporter, and his magazine articles have been published in "Newsweek," "Air & Space," "Backpacker" and "Boys' Life." Sherman is also the author of three film reference books, with a fourth currently under way.

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