The standard interest payment interval for investment bonds is twice a year or semi-annually. For investors who would like to receive monthly interest checks, there is one type of bond that is an exception to the rule and a couple of other paths to turn bond interest into monthly income. Select the bond investment vehicle that fits with your portfolio size and investment experience.
Ladder Interest Payment Dates
Although most bonds only pay interest twice a year, the do not all pay at the same time. A bond portfolio paying monthly income can be obtained with the purchase of six different bonds. One bond pays interest in January and July, the next in February and August and so forth to cover all 12 months of the year. The U.S. Treasury issues new bonds every month, so it is easy to put together six Treasury bond issues to get monthly checks. With municipal or corporate bonds an investment adviser or broker should be able to help find and select bonds with staggered interest payment dates.
Pass-through mortgage-backed securities -- MBS -- are a type of bond backed by a pool of home mortgages. The bulk of MBS bonds are issued or guaranteed by the mortgage agencies of Ginnie Mae, Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. As pass-through securities, these bonds make monthly payments as homeowners with mortgages in the pools make their payments. The challenge with MBS investing is that each monthly payment includes both interest and principal amounts. To maintain the principal, an investor has to separate the two and reinvest the principal.
Bond mutual funds and exchange-traded funds -- ETFs -- own portfolios of bonds and almost all pay out interest earned from the bonds as monthly dividends. Funds are available that focus on government bonds, municipal bonds or corporate bonds. Bond funds that invest in mortgage-backed securities separate out the interest and principal to make sure investors only receive interest. Bond mutual funds allow you to reinvest the monthly dividend payments if you want to compound your earnings over time.
CEFs and UITs
Closed-end funds -- CEFs -- and unit investment trusts -- UITs -- are less well known packaged investment products that provide monthly income from a portfolio of bonds. CEF shares trade on the stock exchanges and use leverage to provide some of the highest bond investment yields -- for both taxable and tax-free bond types. UITs have the unique feature among fund types of having a final maturity date when you know your invested principal will be returned. UITs are also available for both taxable and tax-free bonds including state specific municipal bonds.
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